ios - কিভাবে আমি একটি চলচ্চিত্র হিসাবে UIImage অ্যারে রপ্তানি করবেন?



iphone export (6)

আমি জোলের মূল ধারনাগুলি গ্রহণ করেছি এবং AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor পদ্ধতিটি অন্তর্ভুক্ত করেছি এবং এর থেকে কিছুটা ফ্রেমওয়ার্ক শুরু করেছি।

এটি পরীক্ষা করে দেখুন এবং এটি উন্নত করতে বিনা দ্বিধায়! CEMovieMaker

https://src-bin.com

আমার একটি গুরুতর সমস্যা আছে: আমার বেশ কয়েকটি UIImage বস্তুর সাথে একটি UIImage । এখন আমি যা করতে চাই, সেগুলি UIImages থেকে মুভি তৈরি করে। কিন্তু আমি কিভাবে এটা করতে কোন ধারণা নেই।

আমি আশা করি কেউ আমাকে সাহায্য করতে পারে বা আমাকে একটি কোড স্নিপেট পাঠাতে পারে যা আমি চাই।

সম্পাদনা: ভবিষ্যতের রেফারেন্সের জন্য - সমাধানটি প্রয়োগ করার পরে, ভিডিওটি বিকৃত দেখলে, নিশ্চিত করুন যে আপনি যে চিত্র / এলাকাটি ধরেছেন সেটির প্রস্থ 16 এর একাধিক। এখানে কয়েক ঘন্টা সংগ্রামের পরে পাওয়া যায়:
কেন ইউআইমেজেস থেকে আমার সিনেমা বিকৃত হয়?

এখানে সম্পূর্ণ সমাধান (শুধুমাত্র প্রস্থ 16 এর একাধিক নিশ্চিত করা)
http://codethink.no-ip.org/wordpress/archives/673


Answer #1

এখানে আইওএস 8 এ একটি সুইফ্ট 2.x সংস্করণ পরীক্ষা করা হয়েছে। এটি @ স্কট রাপোসা এবং @Praxiteles এর উত্তরগুলি একত্রিত করে @ অ্যাকজ থেকে কোড সহ অন্য একটি প্রশ্নের জন্য অবদান রেখেছে। @ এসিজে কোডটি এখানে রয়েছে: https://gist.github.com/acj/6ae90aa1ebb8cad6b47b । @ টিমবুল এছাড়াও কোড সরবরাহ করেছেন।

@ স্কট রাপোসা ভালো লেগেছে, আমি কখনও CVPixelBufferPoolCreatePixelBuffer এবং অন্যান্য কিছু ফাংশন সম্পর্কে কখনোই শুনিনি, CVPixelBufferPoolCreatePixelBuffer কীভাবে ব্যবহার করতে হয় তা বোঝা যাক।

আপনি নীচের দেখতে কি বেশিরভাগ ট্রায়াল এবং ত্রুটি এবং অ্যাপল ডক্স পড়া থেকে একসাথে cobbled ছিল। সতর্কতা সঙ্গে ব্যবহার করুন, এবং ভুল আছে যদি পরামর্শ প্রদান করুন।

ব্যবহার:

import UIKit
import AVFoundation
import Photos

writeImagesAsMovie(yourImages, videoPath: yourPath, videoSize: yourSize, videoFPS: 30)

কোড:

func writeImagesAsMovie(allImages: [UIImage], videoPath: String, videoSize: CGSize, videoFPS: Int32) {
    // Create AVAssetWriter to write video
    guard let assetWriter = createAssetWriter(videoPath, size: videoSize) else {
        print("Error converting images to video: AVAssetWriter not created")
        return
    }

    // If here, AVAssetWriter exists so create AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor
    let writerInput = assetWriter.inputs.filter{ $0.mediaType == AVMediaTypeVideo }.first!
    let sourceBufferAttributes : [String : AnyObject] = [
        kCVPixelBufferPixelFormatTypeKey as String : Int(kCVPixelFormatType_32ARGB),
        kCVPixelBufferWidthKey as String : videoSize.width,
        kCVPixelBufferHeightKey as String : videoSize.height,
        ]
    let pixelBufferAdaptor = AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor(assetWriterInput: writerInput, sourcePixelBufferAttributes: sourceBufferAttributes)

    // Start writing session
    assetWriter.startWriting()
    assetWriter.startSessionAtSourceTime(kCMTimeZero)
    if (pixelBufferAdaptor.pixelBufferPool == nil) {
        print("Error converting images to video: pixelBufferPool nil after starting session")
        return
    }

    // -- Create queue for <requestMediaDataWhenReadyOnQueue>
    let mediaQueue = dispatch_queue_create("mediaInputQueue", nil)

    // -- Set video parameters
    let frameDuration = CMTimeMake(1, videoFPS)
    var frameCount = 0

    // -- Add images to video
    let numImages = allImages.count
    writerInput.requestMediaDataWhenReadyOnQueue(mediaQueue, usingBlock: { () -> Void in
        // Append unadded images to video but only while input ready
        while (writerInput.readyForMoreMediaData && frameCount < numImages) {
            let lastFrameTime = CMTimeMake(Int64(frameCount), videoFPS)
            let presentationTime = frameCount == 0 ? lastFrameTime : CMTimeAdd(lastFrameTime, frameDuration)

            if !self.appendPixelBufferForImageAtURL(allImages[frameCount], pixelBufferAdaptor: pixelBufferAdaptor, presentationTime: presentationTime) {
                print("Error converting images to video: AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdapter failed to append pixel buffer")
                return
            }

            frameCount += 1
        }

        // No more images to add? End video.
        if (frameCount >= numImages) {
            writerInput.markAsFinished()
            assetWriter.finishWritingWithCompletionHandler {
                if (assetWriter.error != nil) {
                    print("Error converting images to video: \(assetWriter.error)")
                } else {
                    self.saveVideoToLibrary(NSURL(fileURLWithPath: videoPath))
                    print("Converted images to movie @ \(videoPath)")
                }
            }
        }
    })
}


func createAssetWriter(path: String, size: CGSize) -> AVAssetWriter? {
    // Convert <path> to NSURL object
    let pathURL = NSURL(fileURLWithPath: path)

    // Return new asset writer or nil
    do {
        // Create asset writer
        let newWriter = try AVAssetWriter(URL: pathURL, fileType: AVFileTypeMPEG4)

        // Define settings for video input
        let videoSettings: [String : AnyObject] = [
            AVVideoCodecKey  : AVVideoCodecH264,
            AVVideoWidthKey  : size.width,
            AVVideoHeightKey : size.height,
            ]

        // Add video input to writer
        let assetWriterVideoInput = AVAssetWriterInput(mediaType: AVMediaTypeVideo, outputSettings: videoSettings)
        newWriter.addInput(assetWriterVideoInput)

        // Return writer
        print("Created asset writer for \(size.width)x\(size.height) video")
        return newWriter
    } catch {
        print("Error creating asset writer: \(error)")
        return nil
    }
}


func appendPixelBufferForImageAtURL(image: UIImage, pixelBufferAdaptor: AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor, presentationTime: CMTime) -> Bool {
    var appendSucceeded = false

    autoreleasepool {
        if  let pixelBufferPool = pixelBufferAdaptor.pixelBufferPool {
            let pixelBufferPointer = UnsafeMutablePointer<CVPixelBuffer?>.alloc(1)
            let status: CVReturn = CVPixelBufferPoolCreatePixelBuffer(
                kCFAllocatorDefault,
                pixelBufferPool,
                pixelBufferPointer
            )

            if let pixelBuffer = pixelBufferPointer.memory where status == 0 {
                fillPixelBufferFromImage(image, pixelBuffer: pixelBuffer)
                appendSucceeded = pixelBufferAdaptor.appendPixelBuffer(pixelBuffer, withPresentationTime: presentationTime)
                pixelBufferPointer.destroy()
            } else {
                NSLog("Error: Failed to allocate pixel buffer from pool")
            }

            pixelBufferPointer.dealloc(1)
        }
    }

    return appendSucceeded
}


func fillPixelBufferFromImage(image: UIImage, pixelBuffer: CVPixelBufferRef) {
    CVPixelBufferLockBaseAddress(pixelBuffer, 0)

    let pixelData = CVPixelBufferGetBaseAddress(pixelBuffer)
    let rgbColorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB()

    // Create CGBitmapContext
    let context = CGBitmapContextCreate(
        pixelData,
        Int(image.size.width),
        Int(image.size.height),
        8,
        CVPixelBufferGetBytesPerRow(pixelBuffer),
        rgbColorSpace,
        CGImageAlphaInfo.PremultipliedFirst.rawValue
    )

    // Draw image into context
    CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(0, 0, image.size.width, image.size.height), image.CGImage)

    CVPixelBufferUnlockBaseAddress(pixelBuffer, 0)
}


func saveVideoToLibrary(videoURL: NSURL) {
    PHPhotoLibrary.requestAuthorization { status in
        // Return if unauthorized
        guard status == .Authorized else {
            print("Error saving video: unauthorized access")
            return
        }

        // If here, save video to library
        PHPhotoLibrary.sharedPhotoLibrary().performChanges({
            PHAssetChangeRequest.creationRequestForAssetFromVideoAtFileURL(videoURL)
        }) { success, error in
            if !success {
                print("Error saving video: \(error)")
            }
        }
    }
}

Answer #2

আইওএস 8 এর সর্বশেষ উদ্দেশ্য কোডটি Objective-C তে রয়েছে।

এক্সকোড এবং আইওএস 8 এর সর্বশেষ সংস্করণে কাজ করার জন্য আমাদের @ জাউলের ​​উত্তরের উপর বিভিন্ন ধরণের পরিবর্তন করতে হয়েছিল। এখানে আমাদের সম্পূর্ণ কাজ কোড যা UIImages এর একটি অ্যারে নেয়, তাদের একটি .mov ফাইল করে তোলে, এটি একটি temp ডিরেক্টরিে সংরক্ষণ করে, তারপর এটি ক্যামেরা রোলে নিয়ে যায়। আমরা এই কাজ পেতে একাধিক বিভিন্ন পোস্ট থেকে কোড একত্রিত। আমাদের মন্তব্যগুলিতে কোডটি পেতে আমরা যে ফাঁদগুলি সমাধান করতে হয়েছিল তা হাইলাইট করেছি।

(1) UIImages একটি সংগ্রহ তৈরি করুন

[self saveMovieToLibrary]


- (IBAction)saveMovieToLibrary
{
    // You just need the height and width of the video here
    // For us, our input and output video was 640 height x 480 width
    // which is what we get from the iOS front camera
    ATHSingleton *singleton = [ATHSingleton singletons];
    int height = singleton.screenHeight;
    int width = singleton.screenWidth;

    // You can save a .mov or a .mp4 file        
    //NSString *fileNameOut = @"temp.mp4";
    NSString *fileNameOut = @"temp.mov";

    // We chose to save in the tmp/ directory on the device initially
    NSString *directoryOut = @"tmp/";
    NSString *outFile = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",directoryOut,fileNameOut];
    NSString *path = [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:[NSString stringWithFormat:outFile]];
    NSURL *videoTempURL = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@", NSTemporaryDirectory(), fileNameOut]];

    // WARNING: AVAssetWriter does not overwrite files for us, so remove the destination file if it already exists
    NSFileManager *fileManager = [NSFileManager defaultManager];
    [fileManager removeItemAtPath:[videoTempURL path]  error:NULL];


    // Create your own array of UIImages        
    NSMutableArray *images = [NSMutableArray array];
    for (int i=0; i<singleton.numberOfScreenshots; i++)
    {
        // This was our routine that returned a UIImage. Just use your own.
        UIImage *image =[self uiimageFromCopyOfPixelBuffersUsingIndex:i];
        // We used a routine to write text onto every image 
        // so we could validate the images were actually being written when testing. This was it below. 
        image = [self writeToImage:image Text:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%i",i ]];
        [images addObject:image];     
    }

// If you just want to manually add a few images - here is code you can uncomment
// NSString *path = [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"Documents/movie.mp4"]];
//    NSArray *images = [[NSArray alloc] initWithObjects:
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ar.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ja.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ru.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ru.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ar.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ja.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ru.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_ar.png"],
//                      [UIImage imageNamed:@"add_en.png"], nil];



    [self writeImageAsMovie:images toPath:path size:CGSizeMake(height, width)];
}

এটি আপনার মূল সম্পদ যা আপনার অ্যাসেট্রি-রাইটার তৈরি করে এবং লেখার জন্য এটিতে চিত্র যোগ করে।

(2) একটি AVAssetWriter ওয়্যার আপ

-(void)writeImageAsMovie:(NSArray *)array toPath:(NSString*)path size:(CGSize)size
{

    NSError *error = nil;

    // FIRST, start up an AVAssetWriter instance to write your video
    // Give it a destination path (for us: tmp/temp.mov)
    AVAssetWriter *videoWriter = [[AVAssetWriter alloc] initWithURL:[NSURL fileURLWithPath:path]
                                                           fileType:AVFileTypeQuickTimeMovie
                                                              error:&error];


    NSParameterAssert(videoWriter);

    NSDictionary *videoSettings = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:
                                   AVVideoCodecH264, AVVideoCodecKey,
                                   [NSNumber numberWithInt:size.width], AVVideoWidthKey,
                                   [NSNumber numberWithInt:size.height], AVVideoHeightKey,
                                   nil];

    AVAssetWriterInput* writerInput = [AVAssetWriterInput assetWriterInputWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo
                                                                         outputSettings:videoSettings];

    AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor *adaptor = [AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor assetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptorWithAssetWriterInput:writerInput
                                                                                                                     sourcePixelBufferAttributes:nil];
    NSParameterAssert(writerInput);
    NSParameterAssert([videoWriter canAddInput:writerInput]);
    [videoWriter addInput:writerInput];

(3) একটি লিখিত সেশন শুরু করুন (উল্লেখ্য: পদ্ধতি উপরে থেকে চলছে)

    //Start a SESSION of writing. 
    // After you start a session, you will keep adding image frames 
    // until you are complete - then you will tell it you are done.
    [videoWriter startWriting];
    // This starts your video at time = 0
    [videoWriter startSessionAtSourceTime:kCMTimeZero];

    CVPixelBufferRef buffer = NULL;

    // This was just our utility class to get screen sizes etc.    
    ATHSingleton *singleton = [ATHSingleton singletons];

    int i = 0;
    while (1)
    {
        // Check if the writer is ready for more data, if not, just wait
        if(writerInput.readyForMoreMediaData){

            CMTime frameTime = CMTimeMake(150, 600);
            // CMTime = Value and Timescale.
            // Timescale = the number of tics per second you want
            // Value is the number of tics
            // For us - each frame we add will be 1/4th of a second
            // Apple recommend 600 tics per second for video because it is a 
            // multiple of the standard video rates 24, 30, 60 fps etc.
            CMTime lastTime=CMTimeMake(i*150, 600);
            CMTime presentTime=CMTimeAdd(lastTime, frameTime);

            if (i == 0) {presentTime = CMTimeMake(0, 600);} 
            // This ensures the first frame starts at 0.


            if (i >= [array count])
            {
                buffer = NULL;
            }
            else
            {
                // This command grabs the next UIImage and converts it to a CGImage
                buffer = [self pixelBufferFromCGImage:[[array objectAtIndex:i] CGImage]];
            }


            if (buffer)
            {
                // Give the CGImage to the AVAssetWriter to add to your video
                [adaptor appendPixelBuffer:buffer withPresentationTime:presentTime];
                i++;
            }
            else
            {

(4) সেশন শেষ করুন (নোট: পদ্ধতি উপরে থেকে চলতে থাকে)

                //Finish the session:
                // This is important to be done exactly in this order
                [writerInput markAsFinished];
                // WARNING: finishWriting in the solution above is deprecated. 
                // You now need to give a completion handler.
                [videoWriter finishWritingWithCompletionHandler:^{
                    NSLog(@"Finished writing...checking completion status...");
                    if (videoWriter.status != AVAssetWriterStatusFailed && videoWriter.status == AVAssetWriterStatusCompleted)
                    {
                        NSLog(@"Video writing succeeded.");

                        // Move video to camera roll
                        // NOTE: You cannot write directly to the camera roll. 
                        // You must first write to an iOS directory then move it!
                        NSURL *videoTempURL = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@", path]];
                        [self saveToCameraRoll:videoTempURL];

                    } else
                    {
                        NSLog(@"Video writing failed: %@", videoWriter.error);
                    }

                }]; // end videoWriter finishWriting Block

                CVPixelBufferPoolRelease(adaptor.pixelBufferPool);

                NSLog (@"Done");
                break;
            }
        }
    }    
}

(5) আপনার UIImages একটি CVPixelBufferRef রূপান্তর করুন
এই পদ্ধতিটি আপনাকে একটি সিভি পিক্সেল বাফার রেফারেন্স দেবে যা AssetWriter দ্বারা প্রয়োজন। এটি আপনার CGImageRef থেকে প্রাপ্ত যা আপনি আপনার UIImage (উপরে) থেকে পেয়েছেন।

- (CVPixelBufferRef) pixelBufferFromCGImage: (CGImageRef) image
{
    // This again was just our utility class for the height & width of the
    // incoming video (640 height x 480 width)
    ATHSingleton *singleton = [ATHSingleton singletons];
    int height = singleton.screenHeight;
    int width = singleton.screenWidth;

    NSDictionary *options = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:
                             [NSNumber numberWithBool:YES], kCVPixelBufferCGImageCompatibilityKey,
                             [NSNumber numberWithBool:YES], kCVPixelBufferCGBitmapContextCompatibilityKey,
                             nil];
    CVPixelBufferRef pxbuffer = NULL;

    CVReturn status = CVPixelBufferCreate(kCFAllocatorDefault, width,
                                          height, kCVPixelFormatType_32ARGB, (__bridge CFDictionaryRef) options,
                                          &pxbuffer);

    NSParameterAssert(status == kCVReturnSuccess && pxbuffer != NULL);

    CVPixelBufferLockBaseAddress(pxbuffer, 0);
    void *pxdata = CVPixelBufferGetBaseAddress(pxbuffer);
    NSParameterAssert(pxdata != NULL);

    CGColorSpaceRef rgbColorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();

    CGContextRef context = CGBitmapContextCreate(pxdata, width,
                                                 height, 8, 4*width, rgbColorSpace,
                                                 kCGImageAlphaNoneSkipFirst);
    NSParameterAssert(context);
    CGContextConcatCTM(context, CGAffineTransformMakeRotation(0));
    CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(0, 0, CGImageGetWidth(image),
                                           CGImageGetHeight(image)), image);
    CGColorSpaceRelease(rgbColorSpace);
    CGContextRelease(context);

    CVPixelBufferUnlockBaseAddress(pxbuffer, 0);

    return pxbuffer;
}

(6) ক্যামেরা রোলে আপনার ভিডিওটি সরান কারণ AVAssetWriter ক্যামেরা রোলে সরাসরি লিখতে পারে না, এটি ক্যামেরা রোলে "tmp / temp.mov" (অথবা যে কোনও ফাইল নামটি উপরে নামকরণ করে) থেকে সরানো হয়।

- (void) saveToCameraRoll:(NSURL *)srcURL
{
    NSLog(@"srcURL: %@", srcURL);

    ALAssetsLibrary *library = [[ALAssetsLibrary alloc] init];
    ALAssetsLibraryWriteVideoCompletionBlock videoWriteCompletionBlock =
    ^(NSURL *newURL, NSError *error) {
        if (error) {
            NSLog( @"Error writing image with metadata to Photo Library: %@", error );
        } else {
            NSLog( @"Wrote image with metadata to Photo Library %@", newURL.absoluteString);
        }
    };

    if ([library videoAtPathIsCompatibleWithSavedPhotosAlbum:srcURL])
    {
        [library writeVideoAtPathToSavedPhotosAlbum:srcURL
                                    completionBlock:videoWriteCompletionBlock];
    }
}

জোলের উত্তরটি আপনি কী করছেন তা একটি চমৎকার রূপরেখা দেয়। আমরা ব্যাপকভাবে এই কোডটি মন্তব্য করেছি যাতে আপনি দেখতে পারেন কিভাবে এটি কাজ কোড ব্যবহার করে সম্পন্ন হয়েছিল।


Answer #3

দ্রষ্টব্য: এটি একটি সুইফ্ট 2.1 সমাধান (iOS8 +, XCode 7.2)

গত সপ্তাহে আমি ছবি থেকে একটি ভিডিও জেনারেট করার জন্য আইওএস কোড লিখতে সেট আউট। আমার AVFoundation অভিজ্ঞতা সামান্য বিট ছিল, কিন্তু একটি CVPixelBuffer এমনকি শুনেনি। আমি এই পৃষ্ঠায় এবং এছাড়াও here উত্তর জুড়ে এসেছিলেন। সবকিছু বিভাজন করার জন্য কয়েক দিন সময় লেগেছিল এবং সুইফ্টে একসঙ্গে রেখে দিলাম, যা আমার মস্তিষ্কে ধারনা করেছিল। নীচে আমি সঙ্গে এসেছিলেন কি।

দ্রষ্টব্য: যদি আপনি নীচের সমস্ত কোডকে একক সুইফ্ট ফাইলে অনুলিপি / আটকান, তবে এটি কম্পাইল করা উচিত। আপনি loadImages() এবং RenderSettings মান পরিবর্তন করতে হবে।

পার্ট 1: জিনিস সেট আপ

এখানে আমি সমস্ত এক্সপোর্ট-সম্পর্কিত সেটিংসকে একক RenderSettings

import AVFoundation
import UIKit
import Photos

struct RenderSettings {

    var width: CGFloat = 1280
    var height: CGFloat = 720
    var fps: Int32 = 2   // 2 frames per second
    var avCodecKey = AVVideoCodecH264
    var videoFilename = "render"
    var videoFilenameExt = "mp4"

    var size: CGSize {
        return CGSize(width: width, height: height)
    }

    var outputURL: NSURL {
        // Use the CachesDirectory so the rendered video file sticks around as long as we need it to.
        // Using the CachesDirectory ensures the file won't be included in a backup of the app.
        let fileManager = NSFileManager.defaultManager()
        if let tmpDirURL = try? fileManager.URLForDirectory(.CachesDirectory, inDomain: .UserDomainMask, appropriateForURL: nil, create: true) {
            return tmpDirURL.URLByAppendingPathComponent(videoFilename).URLByAppendingPathExtension(videoFilenameExt)
        }
        fatalError("URLForDirectory() failed")
    }
}

পার্ট 2: ImageAnimator

ImageAnimator ক্লাস আপনার চিত্রগুলি সম্পর্কে জানে এবং রেন্ডারিং সম্পাদন করতে VideoWriter ক্লাস ব্যবহার করে। ধারণাটি কম-স্তরীয় AVFoundation কোড থেকে পৃথক পৃথক ভিডিও সামগ্রী কোড রাখা। আমি এখানে saveToLibrary() যোগ করে একটি ক্লাস ফাংশন হিসাবে যা চেইন শেষে ভিডিও লাইব্রেরিতে সংরক্ষণ করতে বলা হয়।

class ImageAnimator {

    // Apple suggests a timescale of 600 because it's a multiple of standard video rates 24, 25, 30, 60 fps etc.
    static let kTimescale: Int32 = 600

    let settings: RenderSettings
    let videoWriter: VideoWriter
    var images: [UIImage]!

    var frameNum = 0

    class func saveToLibrary(videoURL: NSURL) {
        PHPhotoLibrary.requestAuthorization { status in
            guard status == .Authorized else { return }

            PHPhotoLibrary.sharedPhotoLibrary().performChanges({
                PHAssetChangeRequest.creationRequestForAssetFromVideoAtFileURL(videoURL)
                }) { success, error in
                    if !success {
                        print("Could not save video to photo library:", error)
                    }
            }
        }
    }

    class func removeFileAtURL(fileURL: NSURL) {
        do {
            try NSFileManager.defaultManager().removeItemAtPath(fileURL.path!)
        }
        catch _ as NSError {
            // Assume file doesn't exist.
        }
    }

    init(renderSettings: RenderSettings) {
        settings = renderSettings
        videoWriter = VideoWriter(renderSettings: settings)
        images = loadImages()
    }

    func render(completion: ()->Void) {

        // The VideoWriter will fail if a file exists at the URL, so clear it out first.
        ImageAnimator.removeFileAtURL(settings.outputURL)

        videoWriter.start()
        videoWriter.render(appendPixelBuffers) {
            ImageAnimator.saveToLibrary(self.settings.outputURL)
            completion()
        }

    }

    // Replace this logic with your own.
    func loadImages() -> [UIImage] {
        var images = [UIImage]()
        for index in 1...10 {
            let filename = "\(index).jpg"
            images.append(UIImage(named: filename)!)
        }
        return images
    }

    // This is the callback function for VideoWriter.render()
    func appendPixelBuffers(writer: VideoWriter) -> Bool {

        let frameDuration = CMTimeMake(Int64(ImageAnimator.kTimescale / settings.fps), ImageAnimator.kTimescale)

        while !images.isEmpty {

            if writer.isReadyForData == false {
                // Inform writer we have more buffers to write.
                return false
            }

            let image = images.removeFirst()
            let presentationTime = CMTimeMultiply(frameDuration, Int32(frameNum))
            let success = videoWriter.addImage(image, withPresentationTime: presentationTime)
            if success == false {
                fatalError("addImage() failed")
            }

            frameNum++
        }

        // Inform writer all buffers have been written.
        return true
    }

}

পার্ট 3: ভিডিওওয়াইডার

VideoWriter ক্লাস সব AVFoundation ভারী উত্তোলন করে। এটি প্রায়শই AVAssetWriter এবং AVAssetWriterInput কাছাকাছি একটি মোড়ক। এটি একটি CVPixelBuffer মধ্যে কোনও CVPixelBuffer অনুবাদ করতে হয় তা জানেন না এমন আমার দ্বারা লেখা অভিনব কোড রয়েছে।

class VideoWriter {

    let renderSettings: RenderSettings

    var videoWriter: AVAssetWriter!
    var videoWriterInput: AVAssetWriterInput!
    var pixelBufferAdaptor: AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor!

    var isReadyForData: Bool {
        return videoWriterInput?.readyForMoreMediaData ?? false
    }

    class func pixelBufferFromImage(image: UIImage, pixelBufferPool: CVPixelBufferPool, size: CGSize) -> CVPixelBuffer {

        var pixelBufferOut: CVPixelBuffer?

        let status = CVPixelBufferPoolCreatePixelBuffer(kCFAllocatorDefault, pixelBufferPool, &pixelBufferOut)
        if status != kCVReturnSuccess {
            fatalError("CVPixelBufferPoolCreatePixelBuffer() failed")
        }

        let pixelBuffer = pixelBufferOut!

        CVPixelBufferLockBaseAddress(pixelBuffer, 0)

        let data = CVPixelBufferGetBaseAddress(pixelBuffer)
        let rgbColorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB()
        let context = CGBitmapContextCreate(data, Int(size.width), Int(size.height),
            8, CVPixelBufferGetBytesPerRow(pixelBuffer), rgbColorSpace, CGImageAlphaInfo.PremultipliedFirst.rawValue)

        CGContextClearRect(context, CGRectMake(0, 0, size.width, size.height))

        let horizontalRatio = size.width / image.size.width
        let verticalRatio = size.height / image.size.height
        //aspectRatio = max(horizontalRatio, verticalRatio) // ScaleAspectFill
        let aspectRatio = min(horizontalRatio, verticalRatio) // ScaleAspectFit

        let newSize = CGSize(width: image.size.width * aspectRatio, height: image.size.height * aspectRatio)

        let x = newSize.width < size.width ? (size.width - newSize.width) / 2 : 0
        let y = newSize.height < size.height ? (size.height - newSize.height) / 2 : 0

        CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(x, y, newSize.width, newSize.height), image.CGImage)
        CVPixelBufferUnlockBaseAddress(pixelBuffer, 0)

        return pixelBuffer
    }

    init(renderSettings: RenderSettings) {
        self.renderSettings = renderSettings
    }

    func start() {

        let avOutputSettings: [String: AnyObject] = [
            AVVideoCodecKey: renderSettings.avCodecKey,
            AVVideoWidthKey: NSNumber(float: Float(renderSettings.width)),
            AVVideoHeightKey: NSNumber(float: Float(renderSettings.height))
        ]

        func createPixelBufferAdaptor() {
            let sourcePixelBufferAttributesDictionary = [
                kCVPixelBufferPixelFormatTypeKey as String: NSNumber(unsignedInt: kCVPixelFormatType_32ARGB),
                kCVPixelBufferWidthKey as String: NSNumber(float: Float(renderSettings.width)),
                kCVPixelBufferHeightKey as String: NSNumber(float: Float(renderSettings.height))
            ]
            pixelBufferAdaptor = AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor(assetWriterInput: videoWriterInput,
                sourcePixelBufferAttributes: sourcePixelBufferAttributesDictionary)
        }

        func createAssetWriter(outputURL: NSURL) -> AVAssetWriter {
            guard let assetWriter = try? AVAssetWriter(URL: outputURL, fileType: AVFileTypeMPEG4) else {
                fatalError("AVAssetWriter() failed")
            }

            guard assetWriter.canApplyOutputSettings(avOutputSettings, forMediaType: AVMediaTypeVideo) else {
                fatalError("canApplyOutputSettings() failed")
            }

            return assetWriter
        }

        videoWriter = createAssetWriter(renderSettings.outputURL)
        videoWriterInput = AVAssetWriterInput(mediaType: AVMediaTypeVideo, outputSettings: avOutputSettings)

        if videoWriter.canAddInput(videoWriterInput) {
            videoWriter.addInput(videoWriterInput)
        }
        else {
            fatalError("canAddInput() returned false")
        }

        // The pixel buffer adaptor must be created before we start writing.
        createPixelBufferAdaptor()

        if videoWriter.startWriting() == false {
            fatalError("startWriting() failed")
        }

        videoWriter.startSessionAtSourceTime(kCMTimeZero)

        precondition(pixelBufferAdaptor.pixelBufferPool != nil, "nil pixelBufferPool")
    }

    func render(appendPixelBuffers: (VideoWriter)->Bool, completion: ()->Void) {

        precondition(videoWriter != nil, "Call start() to initialze the writer")

        let queue = dispatch_queue_create("mediaInputQueue", nil)
        videoWriterInput.requestMediaDataWhenReadyOnQueue(queue) {
            let isFinished = appendPixelBuffers(self)
            if isFinished {
                self.videoWriterInput.markAsFinished()
                self.videoWriter.finishWritingWithCompletionHandler() {
                    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue()) {
                        completion()
                    }
                }
            }
            else {
                // Fall through. The closure will be called again when the writer is ready.
            }
        }
    }

    func addImage(image: UIImage, withPresentationTime presentationTime: CMTime) -> Bool {

        precondition(pixelBufferAdaptor != nil, "Call start() to initialze the writer")

        let pixelBuffer = VideoWriter.pixelBufferFromImage(image, pixelBufferPool: pixelBufferAdaptor.pixelBufferPool!, size: renderSettings.size)
        return pixelBufferAdaptor.appendPixelBuffer(pixelBuffer, withPresentationTime: presentationTime)
    }

}

পার্ট 4: এটা ঘটতে

সবকিছু ঠিকঠাক থাকলে, আপনার 3 জাদু লাইন রয়েছে:

let settings = RenderSettings()
let imageAnimator = ImageAnimator(renderSettings: settings)
imageAnimator.render() {
    print("yes")
}

Answer #4

শুধু @ স্কট রাপোসা অনুবাদ করেছেন সুইফট 3 (কিছু খুব সামান্য পরিবর্তন সহ):

import AVFoundation
import UIKit
import Photos

struct RenderSettings {

    var size : CGSize = .zero
    var fps: Int32 = 6   // frames per second
    var avCodecKey = AVVideoCodecH264
    var videoFilename = "render"
    var videoFilenameExt = "mp4"


    var outputURL: URL {
        // Use the CachesDirectory so the rendered video file sticks around as long as we need it to.
        // Using the CachesDirectory ensures the file won't be included in a backup of the app.
        let fileManager = FileManager.default
        if let tmpDirURL = try? fileManager.url(for: .cachesDirectory, in: .userDomainMask, appropriateFor: nil, create: true) {
            return tmpDirURL.appendingPathComponent(videoFilename).appendingPathExtension(videoFilenameExt)
        }
        fatalError("URLForDirectory() failed")
    }
}


class ImageAnimator {

    // Apple suggests a timescale of 600 because it's a multiple of standard video rates 24, 25, 30, 60 fps etc.
    static let kTimescale: Int32 = 600

    let settings: RenderSettings
    let videoWriter: VideoWriter
    var images: [UIImage]!

    var frameNum = 0

    class func saveToLibrary(videoURL: URL) {
        PHPhotoLibrary.requestAuthorization { status in
            guard status == .authorized else { return }

            PHPhotoLibrary.shared().performChanges({
                PHAssetChangeRequest.creationRequestForAssetFromVideo(atFileURL: videoURL)
            }) { success, error in
                if !success {
                    print("Could not save video to photo library:", error)
                }
            }
        }
    }

    class func removeFileAtURL(fileURL: URL) {
        do {
            try FileManager.default.removeItem(atPath: fileURL.path)
        }
        catch _ as NSError {
            // Assume file doesn't exist.
        }
    }

    init(renderSettings: RenderSettings) {
        settings = renderSettings
        videoWriter = VideoWriter(renderSettings: settings)
//        images = loadImages()
    }

    func render(completion: (()->Void)?) {

        // The VideoWriter will fail if a file exists at the URL, so clear it out first.
        ImageAnimator.removeFileAtURL(fileURL: settings.outputURL)

        videoWriter.start()
        videoWriter.render(appendPixelBuffers: appendPixelBuffers) {
            ImageAnimator.saveToLibrary(videoURL: self.settings.outputURL)
            completion?()
        }

    }

//    // Replace this logic with your own.
//    func loadImages() -> [UIImage] {
//        var images = [UIImage]()
//        for index in 1...10 {
//            let filename = "\(index).jpg"
//            images.append(UIImage(named: filename)!)
//        }
//        return images
//    }

    // This is the callback function for VideoWriter.render()
    func appendPixelBuffers(writer: VideoWriter) -> Bool {

        let frameDuration = CMTimeMake(Int64(ImageAnimator.kTimescale / settings.fps), ImageAnimator.kTimescale)

        while !images.isEmpty {

            if writer.isReadyForData == false {
                // Inform writer we have more buffers to write.
                return false
            }

            let image = images.removeFirst()
            let presentationTime = CMTimeMultiply(frameDuration, Int32(frameNum))
            let success = videoWriter.addImage(image: image, withPresentationTime: presentationTime)
            if success == false {
                fatalError("addImage() failed")
            }

            frameNum += 1
        }

        // Inform writer all buffers have been written.
        return true
    }

}


class VideoWriter {

    let renderSettings: RenderSettings

    var videoWriter: AVAssetWriter!
    var videoWriterInput: AVAssetWriterInput!
    var pixelBufferAdaptor: AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor!

    var isReadyForData: Bool {
        return videoWriterInput?.isReadyForMoreMediaData ?? false
    }

    class func pixelBufferFromImage(image: UIImage, pixelBufferPool: CVPixelBufferPool, size: CGSize) -> CVPixelBuffer {

        var pixelBufferOut: CVPixelBuffer?

        let status = CVPixelBufferPoolCreatePixelBuffer(kCFAllocatorDefault, pixelBufferPool, &pixelBufferOut)
        if status != kCVReturnSuccess {
            fatalError("CVPixelBufferPoolCreatePixelBuffer() failed")
        }

        let pixelBuffer = pixelBufferOut!

        CVPixelBufferLockBaseAddress(pixelBuffer, CVPixelBufferLockFlags(rawValue: 0))

        let data = CVPixelBufferGetBaseAddress(pixelBuffer)
        let rgbColorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB()
        let context = CGContext(data: data, width: Int(size.width), height: Int(size.height),
                                bitsPerComponent: 8, bytesPerRow: CVPixelBufferGetBytesPerRow(pixelBuffer), space: rgbColorSpace, bitmapInfo: CGImageAlphaInfo.premultipliedFirst.rawValue)

        context!.clear(CGRect(x:0,y: 0,width: size.width,height: size.height))

        let horizontalRatio = size.width / image.size.width
        let verticalRatio = size.height / image.size.height
        //aspectRatio = max(horizontalRatio, verticalRatio) // ScaleAspectFill
        let aspectRatio = min(horizontalRatio, verticalRatio) // ScaleAspectFit

        let newSize = CGSize(width: image.size.width * aspectRatio, height: image.size.height * aspectRatio)

        let x = newSize.width < size.width ? (size.width - newSize.width) / 2 : 0
        let y = newSize.height < size.height ? (size.height - newSize.height) / 2 : 0

        context?.draw(image.cgImage!, in: CGRect(x:x,y: y, width: newSize.width, height: newSize.height))
        CVPixelBufferUnlockBaseAddress(pixelBuffer, CVPixelBufferLockFlags(rawValue: 0))

        return pixelBuffer
    }

    init(renderSettings: RenderSettings) {
        self.renderSettings = renderSettings
    }

    func start() {

        let avOutputSettings: [String: Any] = [
            AVVideoCodecKey: renderSettings.avCodecKey,
            AVVideoWidthKey: NSNumber(value: Float(renderSettings.size.width)),
            AVVideoHeightKey: NSNumber(value: Float(renderSettings.size.height))
        ]

        func createPixelBufferAdaptor() {
            let sourcePixelBufferAttributesDictionary = [
                kCVPixelBufferPixelFormatTypeKey as String: NSNumber(value: kCVPixelFormatType_32ARGB),
                kCVPixelBufferWidthKey as String: NSNumber(value: Float(renderSettings.size.width)),
                kCVPixelBufferHeightKey as String: NSNumber(value: Float(renderSettings.size.height))
            ]
            pixelBufferAdaptor = AVAssetWriterInputPixelBufferAdaptor(assetWriterInput: videoWriterInput,
                                                                      sourcePixelBufferAttributes: sourcePixelBufferAttributesDictionary)
        }

        func createAssetWriter(outputURL: URL) -> AVAssetWriter {
            guard let assetWriter = try? AVAssetWriter(outputURL: outputURL, fileType: AVFileTypeMPEG4) else {
                fatalError("AVAssetWriter() failed")
            }

            guard assetWriter.canApply(outputSettings: avOutputSettings, forMediaType: AVMediaTypeVideo) else {
                fatalError("canApplyOutputSettings() failed")
            }

            return assetWriter
        }

        videoWriter = createAssetWriter(outputURL: renderSettings.outputURL)
        videoWriterInput = AVAssetWriterInput(mediaType: AVMediaTypeVideo, outputSettings: avOutputSettings)

        if videoWriter.canAdd(videoWriterInput) {
            videoWriter.add(videoWriterInput)
        }
        else {
            fatalError("canAddInput() returned false")
        }

        // The pixel buffer adaptor must be created before we start writing.
        createPixelBufferAdaptor()

        if videoWriter.startWriting() == false {
            fatalError("startWriting() failed")
        }

        videoWriter.startSession(atSourceTime: kCMTimeZero)

        precondition(pixelBufferAdaptor.pixelBufferPool != nil, "nil pixelBufferPool")
    }

    func render(appendPixelBuffers: ((VideoWriter)->Bool)?, completion: (()->Void)?) {

        precondition(videoWriter != nil, "Call start() to initialze the writer")

        let queue = DispatchQueue(label: "mediaInputQueue")
        videoWriterInput.requestMediaDataWhenReady(on: queue) {
            let isFinished = appendPixelBuffers?(self) ?? false
            if isFinished {
                self.videoWriterInput.markAsFinished()
                self.videoWriter.finishWriting() {
                    DispatchQueue.main.async {
                        completion?()
                    }
                }
            }
            else {
                // Fall through. The closure will be called again when the writer is ready.
            }
        }
    }

    func addImage(image: UIImage, withPresentationTime presentationTime: CMTime) -> Bool {

        precondition(pixelBufferAdaptor != nil, "Call start() to initialze the writer")

        let pixelBuffer = VideoWriter.pixelBufferFromImage(image: image, pixelBufferPool: pixelBufferAdaptor.pixelBufferPool!, size: renderSettings.size)
        return pixelBufferAdaptor.append(pixelBuffer, withPresentationTime: presentationTime)
    }

}

Answer #5

ওয়েল এই বিশুদ্ধ উদ্দেশ্য-সি-তে প্রয়োগ করা একটু কঠিন। যদি আপনি জেলব্রোকেন ডিভাইসগুলির জন্য উন্নয়নশীল হন তবে আপনার অ্যাপ্লিকেশানটির ভিতরে থেকে কমান্ড-লাইন সরঞ্জাম ffmpeg ব্যবহার করা একটি ভাল ধারণা। একটি কমান্ড সহ চিত্র থেকে একটি মুভি তৈরি করা খুব সহজ:

ffmpeg -r 10 -b 1800 -i %03d.jpg test1800.mp4

মনে রাখবেন যে চিত্রগুলি ক্রমশই নামকরণ করা উচিত, এবং একই ডিরেক্টরিতেও রাখা হবে। আরো তথ্যের জন্য এখানে দেখুন: http://electron.mit.edu/~gsteele/ffmpeg/





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