r labs 每个数据组中的平均值



ggplot2 theme (6)

以下是在基础R执行此操作的各种方法,包括可选的aggregate方法。 下面的例子每月返回意味着,我认为是您要求的。 虽然,可以用同样的方法返回每个人的手段:

使用ave

my.data <- read.table(text = '
     Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
     Aira       1      12        23
     Aira       2      18        73
     Aira       3      19        45
     Ben        1      53        19
     Ben        2      22        87
     Ben        3      19        45
     Cat        1      22        87
     Cat        2      67        43
     Cat        3      45        32
', header = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE, na.strings = 'NA')

Rate1.mean <- with(my.data, ave(Rate1, Month, FUN = function(x) mean(x, na.rm = TRUE)))
Rate2.mean <- with(my.data, ave(Rate2, Month, FUN = function(x) mean(x, na.rm = TRUE)))

my.data <- data.frame(my.data, Rate1.mean, Rate2.mean)
my.data

使用by

my.data <- read.table(text = '
     Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
     Aira       1      12        23
     Aira       2      18        73
     Aira       3      19        45
     Ben        1      53        19
     Ben        2      22        87
     Ben        3      19        45
     Cat        1      22        87
     Cat        2      67        43
     Cat        3      45        32
', header = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE, na.strings = 'NA')

by.month <- as.data.frame(do.call("rbind", by(my.data, my.data$Month, FUN = function(x) colMeans(x[,3:4]))))
colnames(by.month) <- c('Rate1.mean', 'Rate2.mean')
by.month <- cbind(Month = rownames(by.month), by.month)

my.data <- merge(my.data, by.month, by = 'Month')
my.data

使用lapplysplit

my.data <- read.table(text = '
     Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
     Aira       1      12        23
     Aira       2      18        73
     Aira       3      19        45
     Ben        1      53        19
     Ben        2      22        87
     Ben        3      19        45
     Cat        1      22        87
     Cat        2      67        43
     Cat        3      45        32
', header = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE, na.strings = 'NA')

ly.mean <- lapply(split(my.data, my.data$Month), function(x) c(Mean = colMeans(x[,3:4])))
ly.mean <- as.data.frame(do.call("rbind", ly.mean))
ly.mean <- cbind(Month = rownames(ly.mean), ly.mean)

my.data <- merge(my.data, ly.mean, by = 'Month')
my.data

使用sapplysplit

my.data <- read.table(text = '
     Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
     Aira       1      12        23
     Aira       2      18        73
     Aira       3      19        45
     Ben        1      53        19
     Ben        2      22        87
     Ben        3      19        45
     Cat        1      22        87
     Cat        2      67        43
     Cat        3      45        32
', header = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE, na.strings = 'NA')
my.data

sy.mean <- t(sapply(split(my.data, my.data$Month), function(x) colMeans(x[,3:4])))
colnames(sy.mean) <- c('Rate1.mean', 'Rate2.mean')
sy.mean <- data.frame(Month = rownames(sy.mean), sy.mean, stringsAsFactors = FALSE)
my.data <- merge(my.data, sy.mean, by = 'Month')
my.data

使用aggregate

my.data <- read.table(text = '
     Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
     Aira       1      12        23
     Aira       2      18        73
     Aira       3      19        45
     Ben        1      53        19
     Ben        2      22        87
     Ben        3      19        45
     Cat        1      22        87
     Cat        2      67        43
     Cat        3      45        32
', header = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = FALSE, na.strings = 'NA')

my.summary <- with(my.data, aggregate(list(Rate1, Rate2), by = list(Month), 
                   FUN = function(x) { mon.mean = mean(x, na.rm = TRUE) } ))

my.summary <- do.call(data.frame, my.summary)
colnames(my.summary) <- c('Month', 'Rate1.mean', 'Rate2.mean')
my.summary

my.data <- merge(my.data, my.summary, by = 'Month')
my.data

https://src-bin.com

这个问题在这里已经有了答案:

我有一个data.frame ,我需要计算每个组的平均值(即Month ,下面)。

Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
Aira       1      12        23
Aira       2      18        73
Aira       3      19        45
Ben        1      53        19
Ben        2      22        87
Ben        3      19        45
Cat        1      22        87
Cat        2      67        43
Cat        3      45        32

我想要的输出如下所示,其中Rate1Rate2的值是组的含义。 请忽视价值,我为此举了一个例子。

Name       Rate1       Rate2
Aira        23.21       12.2
Ben         45.23       43.9
Cat         33.22       32.2

Answer #1

你也可以使用package plyr ,这在某种程度上更加通用:

library(plyr)

ddply(d, .(Name), summarize,  Rate1=mean(Rate1), Rate2=mean(Rate2))

  Name    Rate1    Rate2
1 Aira 16.33333 47.00000
2  Ben 31.33333 50.33333
3  Cat 44.66667 54.00000

Answer #2

您还可以使用sqldf软件包完成此操作,如下所示:

library(sqldf)

x <- read.table(text='Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
Aira       1      12        23
                Aira       2      18        73
                Aira       3      19        45
                Ben        1      53        19
                Ben        2      22        87
                Ben        3      19        45
                Cat        1      22        87
                Cat        2      67        43
                Cat        3      45        32', header=TRUE)

sqldf("
select 
  Name
  ,avg(Rate1) as Rate1_float
  ,avg(Rate2) as Rate2_float
  ,avg(Rate1) as Rate1
  ,avg(Rate2) as Rate2
from x
group by 
  Name
")

#  Name Rate1_float Rate2_float Rate1 Rate2
#1 Aira    16.33333    47.00000    16    47
#2  Ben    31.33333    50.33333    31    50
#3  Cat    44.66667    54.00000    44    54

正如其他答案中所示,我最近转换为dplyr ,但sqldf很好,因为大多数数据分析师/数据科学家/开发人员至少在SQL方面有一定的流畅度。 通过这种方式,我认为它倾向于比dplyr或上面提出的其他解决方案更通用的可读代码。

更新:在回应下面的评论时,我试图更新如上所示的代码。 但是,这种行为并非如我所料。 看来列定义(即int vs float )仅在列别名与原始列名称匹配时才进行。 当您指定一个新名称时,聚合列将返回而不会舍入。


Answer #3

我描述了两种实现方法,一种基于data.table ,另一种基于reshape2包。 data.table方式已经有了答案,但我试图让它更清晰和更详细。

数据是这样的:

 d <- structure(list(Name = structure(c(1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 
3L, 3L), .Label = c("Aira", "Ben", "Cat"), class = "factor"), 
    Month = c(1L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 2L, 3L), Rate1 = c(12L, 
    18L, 19L, 53L, 22L, 19L, 22L, 67L, 45L), Rate2 = c(23L, 73L, 
    45L, 19L, 87L, 45L, 87L, 43L, 32L)), .Names = c("Name", "Month", 
"Rate1", "Rate2"), class = "data.frame", row.names = c(NA, -9L
))
head(d)
  Name Month Rate1 Rate2
1 Aira     1    12    23
2 Aira     2    18    73
3 Aira     3    19    45
4  Ben     1    53    19
5  Ben     2    22    87
6  Ben     3    19    45


library("reshape2")
mym <- melt(d, id = c("Name"))
res <- dcast(mym, Name ~ variable, mean)
res
#Name Month    Rate1    Rate2
#1 Aira     2 16.33333 47.00000
#2  Ben     2 31.33333 50.33333
#3  Cat     2 44.66667 54.00000

使用data.table:

# At first, I convert the data.frame to data.table and then I group it 
setDT(d)
d[, .(Rate1 = mean(Rate1), Rate2 = mean(Rate2)), by = .(Name)]
#   Name    Rate1    Rate2
#1: Aira 16.33333 47.00000
#2:  Ben 31.33333 50.33333
#3:  Cat 44.66667 54.00000

还有一种方法可以避免在使用.SD的data.table中为j编写很多参数

d[, lapply(.SD, mean), by = .(Name)]
#   Name Month    Rate1    Rate2
#1: Aira     2 16.33333 47.00000
#2:  Ben     2 31.33333 50.33333
#3:  Cat     2 44.66667 54.00000

如果我们只想要Rate1Rate2 ,那么我们可以使用如下所示的.SDcols

d[, lapply(.SD, mean), by = .(Name), .SDcols = 3:4]
#  Name    Rate1    Rate2
#1: Aira 16.33333 47.00000
#2:  Ben 31.33333 50.33333
#3:  Cat 44.66667 54.00000

Answer #4

第三个很好的选择是使用包data.table ,它也包含类data.frame,但是您正在查找的操作计算速度要快得多。

library(data.table)
mydt <- structure(list(Name = c("Aira", "Aira", "Aira", "Ben", "Ben", "Ben", "Cat", "Cat", "Cat"), Month = c(1L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 2L, 3L), Rate1 = c(15.6396600443877, 2.15649279424609, 6.24692918928743, 2.37658797276116, 34.7500663272292, 3.28750138697048, 29.3265553981065, 17.9821839334431, 10.8639802575958), Rate2 = c(17.1680489538369, 5.84231656330206, 8.54330866437461, 5.88415184986176, 3.02064294862551, 17.2053351400752, 16.9552950199166, 2.56058000170089, 15.7496228048122)), .Names = c("Name", "Month", "Rate1", "Rate2"), row.names = c(NA, -9L), class = c("data.table", "data.frame"))

现在,对于每个人(姓名),对于所有3个月采取Rate1和Rate2的均值:首先,确定要采用哪些列的平均值

colstoavg <- names(mydt)[3:4]

现在我们使用lapply来平均我们想要平均的列(colstoavg)

mydt.mean <- mydt[,lapply(.SD,mean,na.rm=TRUE),by=Name,.SDcols=colstoavg]

 mydt.mean
   Name     Rate1     Rate2
1: Aira  8.014361 10.517891
2:  Ben 13.471385  8.703377
3:  Cat 19.390907 11.755166

Answer #5

这种类型的操作正是为以下目的设计的:

d <- read.table(text='Name     Month  Rate1     Rate2
Aira       1      12        23
Aira       2      18        73
Aira       3      19        45
Ben        1      53        19
Ben        2      22        87
Ben        3      19        45
Cat        1      22        87
Cat        2      67        43
Cat        3      45        32', header=TRUE)

aggregate(d[, 3:4], list(d$Name), mean)

  Group.1    Rate1    Rate2
1    Aira 16.33333 47.00000
2     Ben 31.33333 50.33333
3     Cat 44.66667 54.00000

这里我们聚合data.frame d 3列和第4列,按d$Name分组,并应用mean函数。

或者,使用公式界面:

aggregate(. ~ Name, d[-2], mean)




aggregate