c# - 實現INotifyPropertyChanged-是否存在更好的方法?



.net winforms (20)

微軟應該為INotifyPropertyChanged實現一些動作,就像在自動屬性中一樣,只需指定{get; set; notify;} {get; set; notify;} {get; set; notify;}我認為這樣做很有意義。 或者有什麼並發症可以做到嗎?

我們是否可以在我們的房產中實施類似“通知”的內容? 是否有在您的類中實現INotifyPropertyChanged的優雅解決方案,或者唯一的方法是通過在每個屬性中引發PropertyChanged事件。

如果沒有,我們可以寫一些東西來自動生成一段代碼來引發PropertyChanged事件?


Answer #1

從.Net 4.5開始,最後有一種簡單的方法可以做到這一點。

.Net 4.5引入了一個新的主叫信息屬性。

private void OnPropertyChanged<T>([CallerMemberName]string caller = null) {
     // make sure only to call this if the value actually changes

     var handler = PropertyChanged;
     if (handler != null) {
        handler(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(caller));
     }
}

向函數添加一個比較器也是一個好主意。

EqualityComparer<T>.Default.Equals

herehere更多的例子

另請參閱來電者信息(C#和Visual Basic)


Answer #2

=> here my solution with the following features

 public ResourceStatus Status
 {
     get { return _status; }
     set
     {
         _status = value;
         Notify(Npcea.Status,Npcea.Comments);
     }
 }
  1. no refelction
  2. short notation
  3. no magic string in your business code
  4. Reusability of PropertyChangedEventArgs across application
  5. Possibility to notify multiple properties in one statement

Answer #3

Another Idea...

 public class ViewModelBase : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    private Dictionary<string, object> _propertyStore = new Dictionary<string, object>();
    protected virtual void SetValue<T>(T value, [CallerMemberName] string propertyName="") {
        _propertyStore[propertyName] = value;
        OnPropertyChanged(propertyName);
    }
    protected virtual T GetValue<T>([CallerMemberName] string propertyName = "")
    {
        object ret;
        if (_propertyStore.TryGetValue(propertyName, out ret))
        {
            return (T)ret;
        }
        else
        {
            return default(T);
        }
    }

    //Usage
    //public string SomeProperty {
    //    get { return GetValue<string>();  }
    //    set { SetValue(value); }
    //}

    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;
    protected void OnPropertyChanged(string propertyName)
    {
        var temp = PropertyChanged;
        if (temp != null)
            temp.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
    }
}

Answer #4

Another combined solution is using StackFrame:

public class BaseViewModel : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

    protected void Set<T>(ref T field, T value)
    {
        MethodBase method = new StackFrame(1).GetMethod();
        field = value;
        Raise(method.Name.Substring(4));
    }

    protected void Raise(string propertyName)
    {
        var temp = PropertyChanged;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
        }
    }
}

用法:

public class TempVM : BaseViewModel
{
    private int _intP;
    public int IntP
    {
        get { return _intP; }
        set { Set<int>(ref _intP, value); }
    }
}

Answer #5

I have just found ActiveSharp - Automatic INotifyPropertyChanged , I have yet to use it, but it looks good.

To quote from it's web site...

Send property change notifications without specifying property name as a string.

Instead, write properties like this:

public int Foo
{
    get { return _foo; }
    set { SetValue(ref _foo, value); }  // <-- no property name here
}

Note that there is no need to include the name of the property as a string. ActiveSharp reliably and correctly figures that out for itself. It works based on the fact that your property implementation passes the backing field (_foo) by ref. (ActiveSharp uses that "by ref" call to identify which backing field was passed, and from the field it identifies the property).


Answer #6

I have written an article that helps with this ( https://msdn.microsoft.com/magazine/mt736453 ). You can use the SolSoft.DataBinding NuGet package. Then you can write code like this:

public class TestViewModel : IRaisePropertyChanged
{
  public TestViewModel()
  {
    this.m_nameProperty = new NotifyProperty<string>(this, nameof(Name), null);
  }

  private readonly NotifyProperty<string> m_nameProperty;
  public string Name
  {
    get
    {
      return m_nameProperty.Value;
    }
    set
    {
      m_nameProperty.SetValue(value);
    }
  }

  // Plus implement IRaisePropertyChanged (or extend BaseViewModel)
}

優點:

  1. base class is optional
  2. no reflection on every 'set value'
  3. can have properties that depend on other properties, and they all automatically raise the appropriate events (article has an example of this)

Answer #7

I resolved in This Way (it's a little bit laboriouse, but it's surely the faster in runtime).

In VB (sorry, but I think it's not hard translate it in C#), I make this substitution with RE:

(?<Attr><(.*ComponentModel\.)Bindable\(True\)>)( |\r\n)*(?<Def>(Public|Private|Friend|Protected) .*Property )(?<Name>[^ ]*) As (?<Type>.*?)[ |\r\n](?![ |\r\n]*Get)

有:

Private _${Name} As ${Type}\r\n${Attr}\r\n${Def}${Name} As ${Type}\r\nGet\r\nReturn _${Name}\r\nEnd Get\r\nSet (Value As ${Type})\r\nIf _${Name} <> Value Then \r\n_${Name} = Value\r\nRaiseEvent PropertyChanged(Me, New ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs("${Name}"))\r\nEnd If\r\nEnd Set\r\nEnd Property\r\n

This transofrm all code like this:

<Bindable(True)>
Protected Friend Property StartDate As DateTime?

Private _StartDate As DateTime?
<Bindable(True)>
Protected Friend Property StartDate As DateTime?
    Get
        Return _StartDate
    End Get
    Set(Value As DateTime?)
        If _StartDate <> Value Then
            _StartDate = Value
            RaiseEvent PropertyChange(Me, New ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs("StartDate"))
        End If
    End Set
End Property

And If I want to have a more readable code, I can be the opposite just making the following substitution:

Private _(?<Name>.*) As (?<Type>.*)[\r\n ]*(?<Attr><(.*ComponentModel\.)Bindable\(True\)>)[\r\n ]*(?<Def>(Public|Private|Friend|Protected) .*Property )\k<Name> As \k<Type>[\r\n ]*Get[\r\n ]*Return _\k<Name>[\r\n ]*End Get[\r\n ]*Set\(Value As \k<Type>\)[\r\n ]*If _\k<Name> <> Value Then[\r\n ]*_\k<Name> = Value[\r\n ]*RaiseEvent PropertyChanged\(Me, New (.*ComponentModel\.)PropertyChangedEventArgs\("\k<Name>"\)\)[\r\n ]*End If[\r\n ]*End Set[\r\n ]*End Property

${Attr} ${Def} ${Name} As ${Type}

I throw to replace the IL code of the set method, but I can't write a lot of compiled code in IL... If a day I write it, I'll say you!


Answer #8

I use the following extension method (using C# 6.0) to make the INPC implemenation as easy as possible:

public static bool ChangeProperty<T>(this PropertyChangedEventHandler propertyChanged, ref T field, T value, object sender,
    IEqualityComparer<T> comparer = null, [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
{
    if (comparer == null)
        comparer = EqualityComparer<T>.Default;

    if (comparer.Equals(field, value))
    {
        return false;
    }
    else
    {
        field = value;
        propertyChanged?.Invoke(sender, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
        return true;
    }
}

INPC實現歸結為(你可以每次實現或創建一個基類):

public class INPCBaseClass: INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

    protected bool changeProperty<T>(ref T field, T value,
        IEqualityComparer<T> comparer = null, [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
    {
        return PropertyChanged.ChangeProperty(ref field, value, this, comparer, propertyName);
    }
}

然後寫下你的屬性:

private string testProperty;
public string TestProperty
{
    get { return testProperty; }
    set { changeProperty(ref testProperty, value); }
}

注意:[CallerMemberName]如果需要,可以省略擴展方法中的聲明,但我想保持靈活性。

如果你有沒有支持領域的屬性,你可以重載changeProperty

protected bool changeProperty<T>(T property, Action<T> set, T value,
    IEqualityComparer<T> comparer = null, [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
{
    bool ret = changeProperty(ref property, value, comparer, propertyName);
    if (ret)
        set(property);
    return ret;
}

一個示例使用將是:

public string MyTestProperty
{
    get { return base.TestProperty; }
    set { changeProperty(base.TestProperty, (x) => { base.TestProperty = x; }, value); }
}

Answer #9

一種非常類似AOP的方法是將INotifyPropertyChanged內容注入已經實例化的對像中。 你可以用Castle DynamicProxy這樣的東西來做到這一點。 這裡有一篇文章解釋了這項技術:

將INotifyPropertyChanged添加到現有對象


Answer #10

如果不使用postsharp之類的東西,我使用的最小版本使用類似於:

public class Data : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    // boiler-plate
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;
    protected virtual void OnPropertyChanged(string propertyName)
    {
        PropertyChangedEventHandler handler = PropertyChanged;
        if (handler != null) handler(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
    }
    protected bool SetField<T>(ref T field, T value, string propertyName)
    {
        if (EqualityComparer<T>.Default.Equals(field, value)) return false;
        field = value;
        OnPropertyChanged(propertyName);
        return true;
    }

    // props
    private string name;
    public string Name
    {
        get { return name; }
        set { SetField(ref name, value, "Name"); }
    }
}

然後每個屬性就像這樣:

    private string name;
    public string Name
    {
        get { return name; }
        set { SetField(ref name, value, "Name"); }
    }

這不是很大; 如果你願意,它也可以用作基類。 SetFieldbool返回告訴你它是否是空操作,以防你想應用其他邏輯。

或者更容易使用C#5:

protected bool SetField<T>(ref T field, T value,
    [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
{...}

這可以這樣調用:

set { SetField(ref name, value); }

編譯器將使用它自動添加"Name"

C#6.0使實現更簡單:

protected void OnPropertyChanged([CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
{
    PropertyChanged?.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
}

...現在用C#7:

private string name;
public string Name
{
    get => name;
    set => SetField(ref name, value);
}

Answer #11

我在http://timoch.com/blog/2013/08/annoyed-with-inotifypropertychange/博客中介紹了一個Bindable類。Bindable使用字典作為物業包。 為子類添加必要的重載以使用ref參數管理其自己的後台字段已經很簡單了。

  • 沒有魔術字符串
  • 沒有反思
  • 可以通過改進來抑制默認字典查找

代碼:

public class Bindable : INotifyPropertyChanged {
    private Dictionary<string, object> _properties = new Dictionary<string, object>();

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the value of a property
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="name"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    protected T Get<T>([CallerMemberName] string name = null) {
        Debug.Assert(name != null, "name != null");
        object value = null;
        if (_properties.TryGetValue(name, out value))
            return value == null ? default(T) : (T)value;
        return default(T);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Sets the value of a property
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="value"></param>
    /// <param name="name"></param>
    /// <remarks>Use this overload when implicitly naming the property</remarks>
    protected void Set<T>(T value, [CallerMemberName] string name = null) {
        Debug.Assert(name != null, "name != null");
        if (Equals(value, Get<T>(name)))
            return;
        _properties[name] = value;
        OnPropertyChanged(name);
    }

    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

    protected virtual void OnPropertyChanged([CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null) {
        PropertyChangedEventHandler handler = PropertyChanged;
        if (handler != null) {
            handler(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
        }
    }
}

它可以像這樣使用:

public class Contact : Bindable {
    public string FirstName {
        get { return Get<string>(); }
        set { Set(value); }
    }
}

Answer #12

我在我的基礎庫中創建了一個擴展方法以供重用:

public static class INotifyPropertyChangedExtensions
{
    public static bool SetPropertyAndNotify<T>(this INotifyPropertyChanged sender,
               PropertyChangedEventHandler handler, ref T field, T value, 
               [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = "",
               EqualityComparer<T> equalityComparer = null)
    {
        bool rtn = false;
        var eqComp = equalityComparer ?? EqualityComparer<T>.Default;
        if (!eqComp.Equals(field,value))
        {
            field = value;
            rtn = true;
            if (handler != null)
            {
                var args = new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName);
                handler(sender, args);
            }
        }
        return rtn;
    }
}

由於CallerMemberNameAttribute這適用於.Net 4.5。 如果你想使用早期的.Net版本,你必須改變方法聲明: ...,[CallerMemberName] string propertyName = "", ... to ...,string propertyName, ...

用法:

public class Dog : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;
    string _name;

    public string Name
    {
        get { return _name; }
        set
        {
            this.SetPropertyAndNotify(PropertyChanged, ref _name, value);
        }
    }
}

Answer #13

我把它作為一個片段。 C#6為調用處理程序添加了一些很好的語法。

// INotifyPropertyChanged

public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

private void Set<T>(ref T property, T value, [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
{
    if (EqualityComparer<T>.Default.Equals(property, value) == false)
    {
        property = value;
        PropertyChanged?.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
    }
}

Answer #14

我認為人們應該多關註一下性能,當有很多對象需要綁定時(比如想像一個具有10,000多行的網格),或者對象的值經常變化(實時監控應用程序) 。

我在這里和其他地方找到了各種實現,並進行了比較,檢查了INotifyPropertyChanged實現的性能比較

這是對結果的窺視


Answer #15

所有這些答案都非常好。

我的解決方案是使用代碼片段來完成這項工作。

這使用對PropertyChanged事件的最簡單的調用。

保存此代碼段並在使用'fullprop'代碼段時使用它。

該位置可以在Visual Studio的'Tools \ Code Snippet Manager ...'菜單中找到。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<CodeSnippets  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/2005/CodeSnippet">
    <CodeSnippet Format="1.0.0">
        <Header>
            <Title>inotifypropfull</Title>
            <Shortcut>inotifypropfull</Shortcut>
            <HelpUrl>http://ofirzeitoun.wordpress.com/</HelpUrl>
            <Description>Code snippet for property and backing field with notification</Description>
            <Author>Ofir Zeitoun</Author>
            <SnippetTypes>
                <SnippetType>Expansion</SnippetType>
            </SnippetTypes>
        </Header>
        <Snippet>
            <Declarations>
                <Literal>
                    <ID>type</ID>
                    <ToolTip>Property type</ToolTip>
                    <Default>int</Default>
                </Literal>
                <Literal>
                    <ID>property</ID>
                    <ToolTip>Property name</ToolTip>
                    <Default>MyProperty</Default>
                </Literal>
                <Literal>
                    <ID>field</ID>
                    <ToolTip>The variable backing this property</ToolTip>
                    <Default>myVar</Default>
                </Literal>
            </Declarations>
            <Code Language="csharp">
                <![CDATA[private $type$ $field$;

    public $type$ $property$
    {
        get { return $field$;}
        set { 
            $field$ = value;
            var temp = PropertyChanged;
            if (temp != null)
            {
                temp(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs("$property$"));
            }
        }
    }
    $end$]]>
            </Code>
        </Snippet>
    </CodeSnippet>
</CodeSnippets>

您可以隨意修改電話(使用上述解決方案)


Answer #16

是的,更好的方式當然存在。 這裡是:

基於這篇有用的文章 ,我一步一步教程縮小了。

  • 創建新項目
  • 將城堡核心包安裝到項目中

安裝包Castle.Core

  • 僅安裝mvvm燈庫

安裝包MvvmLightLibs

  • 在項目中添加兩個類:

NotifierInterceptor

public class NotifierInterceptor : IInterceptor
    {
        private PropertyChangedEventHandler handler;
        public static Dictionary<String, PropertyChangedEventArgs> _cache =
          new Dictionary<string, PropertyChangedEventArgs>();

        public void Intercept(IInvocation invocation)
        {
            switch (invocation.Method.Name)
            {
                case "add_PropertyChanged":
                    handler = (PropertyChangedEventHandler)
                              Delegate.Combine(handler, (Delegate)invocation.Arguments[0]);
                    invocation.ReturnValue = handler;
                    break;
                case "remove_PropertyChanged":
                    handler = (PropertyChangedEventHandler)
                              Delegate.Remove(handler, (Delegate)invocation.Arguments[0]);
                    invocation.ReturnValue = handler;
                    break;
                default:
                    if (invocation.Method.Name.StartsWith("set_"))
                    {
                        invocation.Proceed();
                        if (handler != null)
                        {
                            var arg = retrievePropertyChangedArg(invocation.Method.Name);
                            handler(invocation.Proxy, arg);
                        }
                    }
                    else invocation.Proceed();
                    break;
            }
        }

        private static PropertyChangedEventArgs retrievePropertyChangedArg(String methodName)
        {
            PropertyChangedEventArgs arg = null;
            _cache.TryGetValue(methodName, out arg);
            if (arg == null)
            {
                arg = new PropertyChangedEventArgs(methodName.Substring(4));
                _cache.Add(methodName, arg);
            }
            return arg;
        }
    }

ProxyCreator

public class ProxyCreator
{
    public static T MakeINotifyPropertyChanged<T>() where T : class, new()
    {
        var proxyGen = new ProxyGenerator();
        var proxy = proxyGen.CreateClassProxy(
          typeof(T),
          new[] { typeof(INotifyPropertyChanged) },
          ProxyGenerationOptions.Default,
          new NotifierInterceptor()
          );
        return proxy as T;
    }
}
  • 創建您的視圖模型,例如:

-

 public class MainViewModel
    {
        public virtual string MainTextBox { get; set; }

        public RelayCommand TestActionCommand
        {
            get { return new RelayCommand(TestAction); }
        }

        public void TestAction()
        {
            Trace.WriteLine(MainTextBox);
        }
    }
  • 將綁定放入xaml:

    <TextBox Text="{Binding MainTextBox}" ></TextBox>
    <Button Command="{Binding TestActionCommand}" >Test</Button>
    
  • 將代碼行放在代碼隱藏文件MainWindow.xaml.cs中,如下所示:

DataContext = ProxyCreator.MakeINotifyPropertyChanged<MainViewModel>();

  • 請享用。

注意!!! 所有有界的屬性都應該用虛擬關鍵字來裝飾,因為它們被城堡代理用來覆蓋。


Answer #17

棱鏡5實施:

public abstract class BindableBase : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

    protected virtual bool SetProperty<T>(ref T storage,
                                          T value,
                                          [CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
    {
        if (object.Equals(storage, value)) return false;

        storage = value;
        this.OnPropertyChanged(propertyName);

        return true;
    }

    protected void OnPropertyChanged(string propertyName)
    {
        var eventHandler = this.PropertyChanged;
        if (eventHandler != null)
        {
            eventHandler(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
        }
    }

    protected void OnPropertyChanged<T>(Expression<Func<T>> propertyExpression)
    {
        var propertyName = PropertySupport.ExtractPropertyName(propertyExpression);
        this.OnPropertyChanged(propertyName);
    }
}

public static class PropertySupport
{
    public static string ExtractPropertyName<T>(Expression<Func<T>> propertyExpression)
    {
        if (propertyExpression == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("propertyExpression");
        }

        var memberExpression = propertyExpression.Body as MemberExpression;
        if (memberExpression == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("The expression is not a member access expression.", "propertyExpression");
        }

        var property = memberExpression.Member as PropertyInfo;
        if (property == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("The member access expression does not access a property.", "propertyExpression");
        }

        var getMethod = property.GetMethod;
        if (getMethod.IsStatic)
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("The referenced property is a static property.", "propertyExpression");
        }

        return memberExpression.Member.Name;
    }
}

Answer #18

用這個

using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Proxies;


public static class ObservableFactory
{
    public static T Create<T>(T target)
    {
        if (!typeof(T).IsInterface)
            throw new ArgumentException("Target should be an interface", "target");

        var proxy = new Observable<T>(target);
        return (T)proxy.GetTransparentProxy();
    }
}

internal class Observable<T> : RealProxy, INotifyPropertyChanged, INotifyPropertyChanging
{
    private readonly T target;

    internal Observable(T target)
        : base(ImplementINotify(typeof(T)))
    {
        this.target = target;
    }

    public override IMessage Invoke(IMessage msg)
    {
        var methodCall = msg as IMethodCallMessage;

        if (methodCall != null)
        {
            return HandleMethodCall(methodCall);
        }

        return null;
    }

    public event PropertyChangingEventHandler PropertyChanging;
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;



    IMessage HandleMethodCall(IMethodCallMessage methodCall)
    {
        var isPropertySetterCall = methodCall.MethodName.StartsWith("set_");
        var propertyName = isPropertySetterCall ? methodCall.MethodName.Substring(4) : null;

        if (isPropertySetterCall)
        {
            OnPropertyChanging(propertyName);
        }

        try
        {
            object methodCalltarget = target;

            if (methodCall.MethodName == "add_PropertyChanged" || methodCall.MethodName == "remove_PropertyChanged"||
                methodCall.MethodName == "add_PropertyChanging" || methodCall.MethodName == "remove_PropertyChanging")
            {
                methodCalltarget = this;
            }

            var result = methodCall.MethodBase.Invoke(methodCalltarget, methodCall.InArgs);

            if (isPropertySetterCall)
            {
                OnPropertyChanged(methodCall.MethodName.Substring(4));
            }

            return new ReturnMessage(result, null, 0, methodCall.LogicalCallContext, methodCall);
        }
        catch (TargetInvocationException invocationException)
        {
            var exception = invocationException.InnerException;
            return new ReturnMessage(exception, methodCall);
        }
    }

    protected virtual void OnPropertyChanged(string propertyName)
    {
        var handler = PropertyChanged;
        if (handler != null) handler(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
    }

    protected virtual void OnPropertyChanging(string propertyName)
    {
        var handler = PropertyChanging;
        if (handler != null) handler(this, new PropertyChangingEventArgs(propertyName));
    }

    public static Type ImplementINotify(Type objectType)
    {
        var tempAssemblyName = new AssemblyName(Guid.NewGuid().ToString());

        var dynamicAssembly = AppDomain.CurrentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
            tempAssemblyName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndCollect);

        var moduleBuilder = dynamicAssembly.DefineDynamicModule(
            tempAssemblyName.Name,
            tempAssemblyName + ".dll");

        var typeBuilder = moduleBuilder.DefineType(
            objectType.FullName, TypeAttributes.Public | TypeAttributes.Interface | TypeAttributes.Abstract);

        typeBuilder.AddInterfaceImplementation(objectType);
        typeBuilder.AddInterfaceImplementation(typeof(INotifyPropertyChanged));
        typeBuilder.AddInterfaceImplementation(typeof(INotifyPropertyChanging));
        var newType = typeBuilder.CreateType();
        return newType;
    }
}

}


Answer #19

讓我介紹一下我自己的叫做Yappi的方法。 它屬於運行時代理派生類生成器,為現有的對像或類型添加新功能,例如Caste Project的動態代理。

它允許在基類中實現INotifyPropertyChanged一次,然後以下面的樣式聲明派生類,仍支持INotifyPropertyChanged新屬性:

public class Animal:Concept
{
    protected Animal(){}
    public virtual string Name { get; set; }
    public virtual int Age { get; set; }
}

派生類或代理構造的複雜性可隱藏在以下行後面:

var animal = Concept.Create<Animal>.New();

所有INotifyPropertyChanged實現工作都可以這樣完成:

public class Concept:INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    //Hide constructor
    protected Concept(){}

    public static class Create<TConcept> where TConcept:Concept
    {
        //Construct derived Type calling PropertyProxy.ConstructType
        public static readonly Type Type = PropertyProxy.ConstructType<TConcept, Implementation<TConcept>>(new Type[0], true);
        //Create constructing delegate calling Constructor.Compile
        public static Func<TConcept> New = Constructor.Compile<Func<TConcept>>(Type);
    }


    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

    protected void OnPropertyChanged(PropertyChangedEventArgs eventArgs)
    {
        var caller = PropertyChanged;
        if(caller!=null)
        {
            caller(this, eventArgs);
        }
    }

    //define implementation
    public class Implementation<TConcept> : DefaultImplementation<TConcept> where TConcept:Concept
    {
        public override Func<TBaseType, TResult> OverrideGetter<TBaseType, TDeclaringType, TConstructedType, TResult>(PropertyInfo property)
        {
            return PropertyImplementation<TBaseType, TDeclaringType>.GetGetter<TResult>(property.Name);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Overriding property setter implementation.
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TBaseType">Base type for implementation. TBaseType must be TConcept, and inherits all its constraints. Also TBaseType is TDeclaringType.</typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TDeclaringType">Type, declaring property.</typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TConstructedType">Constructed type. TConstructedType is TDeclaringType and TBaseType.</typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TResult">Type of property.</typeparam>
        /// <param name="property">PropertyInfo of property.</param>
        /// <returns>Delegate, corresponding to property setter implementation.</returns>
        public override Action<TBaseType, TResult> OverrideSetter<TBaseType, TDeclaringType, TConstructedType, TResult>(PropertyInfo property)
        {
            //This code called once for each declared property on derived type's initialization.
            //EventArgs instance is shared between all events for each concrete property.
            var eventArgs = new PropertyChangedEventArgs(property.Name);
            //get delegates for base calls.
            Action<TBaseType, TResult> setter = PropertyImplementation<TBaseType, TDeclaringType>.GetSetter<TResult>(property.Name);
            Func<TBaseType, TResult> getter = PropertyImplementation<TBaseType, TDeclaringType>.GetGetter<TResult>(property.Name);

            var comparer = EqualityComparer<TResult>.Default;

            return (pthis, value) =>
            {//This code executes each time property setter is called.
                if (comparer.Equals(value, getter(pthis))) return;
                //base. call
                setter(pthis, value);
                //Directly accessing Concept's protected method.
                pthis.OnPropertyChanged(eventArgs);
            };
        }
    }
}

它對重構是完全安全的,在類型構建之後不會反射,並且足夠快。


Answer #20

這是一個Unity3D或非CalifierMemberName版本的NotifyPropertyChanged

public abstract class Bindable : MonoBehaviour, INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    private readonly Dictionary<string, object> _properties = new Dictionary<string, object>();
    private static readonly StackTrace stackTrace = new StackTrace();
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

    /// <summary>
    ///     Resolves a Property's name from a Lambda Expression passed in.
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="property"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    internal string GetPropertyName<T>(Expression<Func<T>> property)
    {
        var expression = (MemberExpression) property.Body;
        var propertyName = expression.Member.Name;

        Debug.AssertFormat(propertyName != null, "Bindable Property shouldn't be null!");
        return propertyName;
    }

    #region Notification Handlers

    /// <summary>
    ///     Notify's all other objects listening that a value has changed for nominated propertyName
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="propertyName"></param>
    internal void NotifyOfPropertyChange(string propertyName)
    {
        OnPropertyChanged(new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Notifies subscribers of the property change.
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="TProperty">The type of the property.</typeparam>
    /// <param name="property">The property expression.</param>
    internal void NotifyOfPropertyChange<TProperty>(Expression<Func<TProperty>> property)
    {
        var propertyName = GetPropertyName(property);
        NotifyOfPropertyChange(propertyName);
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Raises the <see cref="PropertyChanged" /> event directly.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="e">The <see cref="PropertyChangedEventArgs" /> instance containing the event data.</param>
    internal void OnPropertyChanged(PropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        var handler = PropertyChanged;
        if (handler != null)
        {
            handler(this, e);
        }
    }

    #endregion

    #region Getters

    /// <summary>
    ///     Gets the value of a property
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="name"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    internal T Get<T>(Expression<Func<T>> property)
    {
        var propertyName = GetPropertyName(property);
        return Get<T>(GetPropertyName(property));
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Gets the value of a property automatically based on its caller.
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <returns></returns>
    internal T Get<T>()
    {
        var name = stackTrace.GetFrame(1).GetMethod().Name.Substring(4); // strips the set_ from name;
        return Get<T>(name);
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Gets the name of a property based on a string.
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="name"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    internal T Get<T>(string name)
    {
        object value = null;
        if (_properties.TryGetValue(name, out value))
            return value == null ? default(T) : (T) value;
        return default(T);
    }

    #endregion

    #region Setters

    /// <summary>
    ///     Sets the value of a property whilst automatically looking up its caller name.
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="value"></param>
    internal void Set<T>(T value)
    {
        var propertyName = stackTrace.GetFrame(1).GetMethod().Name.Substring(4); // strips the set_ from name;
        Set(value, propertyName);
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Sets the value of a property
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="value"></param>
    /// <param name="name"></param>
    internal void Set<T>(T value, string propertyName)
    {
        Debug.Assert(propertyName != null, "name != null");
        if (Equals(value, Get<T>(propertyName)))
            return;
        _properties[propertyName] = value;
        NotifyOfPropertyChange(propertyName);
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     Sets the value of a property based off an Expression (()=>FieldName)
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
    /// <param name="value"></param>
    /// <param name="property"></param>
    internal void Set<T>(T value, Expression<Func<T>> property)
    {
        var propertyName = GetPropertyName(property);

        Debug.Assert(propertyName != null, "name != null");

        if (Equals(value, Get<T>(propertyName)))
            return;
        _properties[propertyName] = value;
        NotifyOfPropertyChange(propertyName);
    }

    #endregion
}

This code enables you to write property backing fields like this:

  public string Text
    {
        get { return Get<string>(); }
        set { Set(value); }
    }

Furthermore, in resharper if you create a pattern/search snippet you can then also automate you're workflow by converting simple prop fields into the above backing.

Search Pattern:

public $type$ $fname$ { get; set; }

Replace Pattern:

public $type$ $fname$
{
    get { return Get<$type$>(); }
    set { Set(value); }
}




inotifypropertychanged